Glossary of private equity and Venture capital terms 

Our glossary of financial terms let you find the terms and definitions that are commonly used in venture capital and business financing. Use the form below to find a term.

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Capital appreciation
A gain (or loss) in the market price of an investment is called capital appreciation. Capital appreciation is one way for investors to profit from an investment in company. The other is through ...
Capital formation
Expansion of capital or capital goods through savings from households and governments to the business sector, which leads to economic growth.
Capital market
The financial market where the capital funds, debt (bonds) and equity (stocks) are traded.
Capital rationing
Capital rationing is used when an investor wants to set a limit on the amount of his investment, either by using a higher cost of capital or by setting a maximum on the entire capital budget or parts ...
An investment that requires a large amount of capital assets for a given amount of sales. Examples include the automobile industry, the oil refining business, both of which require huge ...
Capitalized cost
The valuation of an asset used to calculate depreciation. It May be used to refer to the gross capitalized cost or the adjusted capitalized cost.
Committed Capital
Total amount of capital promissed by an investor (private equity fund or other)
Contribution margin
Contribution margin is equal to the sales revenues received minus the variable expenses. The contribution margin helps to make better decisions about pricing, adding or subtracting from a product ...
Corporate financing
All the financial activities of corporation are known as corporate financing.
Cumulative Dividends
The limitation placed upon corporations, ensuring the payment of an investor’s preferred dividends before making distributions to common shareholders.

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